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 Tarpanam Sankalpam

  Sankalpam and its meaning

    • We are always curious to know the meaning of the Sankalpam that we take before the start of a pooja or ritual.

      Firstly, we need to know the Hindu Cosmic cycle.

      1 Mahayuga = Sum of 4 Yugas (Krita, Treta, Dwapara and Kali) = 4,320,000 years. 1000 such mahayugas comprise a day-time of Brahma also known as a Kalpa. The kalpa is ruled by 14 manus in succession. The reigning period of a manu is one manvantara which is 71.42 mahayugas. There is an equivalent night-time of 4,320,000,000 years. The day-night of Brahma together constitutes one Brahma day (8.64 billion years). 360 Brahma days constitute a Brahma year while 360 years represent the lifetime of Brahma which is the life of the cosmos. Doing this simple maths gives the age of the cosmos to be 311 trillion years. Carl Sagan, the noted scientist says in relation to this, ""The Hindu religion is the only one of the world's great faiths dedicated to the idea that the Cosmos itself undergoes an immense, indeed an infinite, number of deaths and rebirths. It is the only religion in which the time scales correspond, to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion years long. Longer than the age of the Earth or the
      Sun and about half the time since the Big Bang. And there are much longer time scales still."

      We are presently in the Sveta-Varaha kalpa in the reigning period of Vaivaswatha - the 7th manu. In this manvantara we are in the 28th mahayuga. As per our Cosmology, Brahma is supposed to have completed 50 Brahma years and is in his 51st year. That is why he is called "Parardha-dvaya-jivin" (ie) he lives for two parardhas. A parardha is half. Two halves make one. He is called so as he has completed one half of his tenure. These terminology makes better sense in relation to the Sankalpa.

      The actual Sankalpa mantra and its meaning runs like this

      ".... dviteeya parardhe - in the 2nd half of Brhama's life
      Svetavaraha kalpe - in the kalpa of Sveta-Varaha
      Vaivaswatha manvantare - in the reining period of the current manu Vaivaswatha
      Ashta Vimsati tame - in the 28th mahayuga of the current manavantara
      Kaliyuge - in this kali yuga
      Prathame Padhe - in the first quarter of this yuga
      Jamboodveepe - this denotes the place where the ritual is performed. India was known as Jambudveepa
      Bharata Varshe, Bharata Kande - in the land of Bharat
      Sakhabde Mero, Dakshine Parsve - to the South of the Meru mountain
      Asmin Varthamane Vyavaharike - in the current period now reigning
      Prabhavadi Shasti Samvatsaranam Madya - among the cycle of 60 years starting from Prabhava
      Nama Samvatsare - the name of the year in the 60 year Hindu calendar
      ....Ayane - Dakshinayane (Aadi to Marghazi) or Uttarayane (Thai to Aani)
      ....Ritou - denotes the 6 seasons or Ritus - Vasantha, Greeshma, Varsha, Sharadh, Hemantha and Shishira
      ....Mase - one of the 12 tamil months
      ....Pakshe - either Shukla Paksham (day after Amavasya till and including Pournami) or Krishna Paksham (day after Pournami till and including Amavasya)
      ....Subha Thithou - one of the 15 days between Pournami and Amavasya (Prathama, Dvithiya, Trithiya, Chaturthi, Panchami, Shasti, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami, Dasami, Ekadasi, Dwadashi, Trayodasi, Chaturdasi, Pournami or Amavasya
      ....Vasara Yuktayam - one of the days of the week (Bhanu, Soma, Bhowma, Soumya, Guru, Brugu and Sthira)
      ....Nakshatra Yuktayam - the day's star or Nakshatram.

      After saying the above the name of the ritual is said. The Paramacharya says the Sankalpam is a kind of record of what you performed with finer details going down to the day and location of the ritual. It seems to me the forerunner for a kind of bookkeeping or a
      system of maintaining minutes of a meeting.

      Source:
      Sankalpam and Cosmic Cycle
      vaishnavism: Sankalpam: What is it?
      Discourses of Paramacharya


  • SANKALPAM FOR AMAVASYA/SANKRAMA THARPANAM DAYS

    NANDANA VARSHAM

    2012 - 2013

     

    13th April – Friday Mesha Ravi Sankramam

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Utharayane, Vasantha Rithow, Mesha Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Sapthamyam Punyathithow Brigu Vasara,Yukthaayaam, Poorvashada Nakshatra Yukthaayam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Sapthamyam Punyathithow….. GOTHRAANAM++++….Mesha Ravi Samkramana Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Sankramana Sraadham/Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhagam thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    20th. April – Friday SARVA AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samavatsare, Utharayane, Vasantha Rithow, Mesha Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Brigu Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Revathi nakshatra yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow….GOTHRAANAM++++…Amaavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhagam thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    20th. May – Sunday ­­–  SARVA AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Utharayane, Vasantha Rithow, Rishaba Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Bhanu Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Apabharani Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…. GOTHRAANAM++++… Amaavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya – pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam thila tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    19th. June – Tuesday –AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Utharayane, Greeshma Rithow, Mithuna Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Bhouma Vasara, Yukthaayam, Mrigasiro Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow… GOTHRANAAM++++… Amaavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    16th. July – Monday - Kataka Ravi Samkramanam (Dakshinayanam begins):

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Dakshinayane, Greeshma Rithow, Kataka Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Dwadasyam Punyathithow, Indu Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Mrigasiro Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Dwadasyam Punyathithow….GOTHRANAAM++++… Kataka Ravi Samkramana Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Samkramana Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhagam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    18th. July – Wednesday SARVA AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Dakshinayane, Greeshma Rithow, Kadaka Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Soumya Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Aardra Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amavasyaayam Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya  Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    17th. August – Friday –  AMAVASAI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Dakshinayane, Varsha Rithow, Simha Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Brigu Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Aslesha Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amaavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    15th. September – Saturday –  SARVA AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Dakshinayane, Varsha Rithow, Simha Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Sthira Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Poorvapalguni Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amaavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    15th. October – Monday MAHALAYA AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Dakshinayane, Varsha Rithow, Kanya Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Indu Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Hasta Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amavasyaayam  Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    17th. October – Wednesday TULA RAVI SANKRAMANAM:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Dakshinayane, Sarath Rithow, Tula Maase, Shukla Pakshe, Dwidiyaayam Punyathithow, Soumya Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Vishaka Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Dwidiyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Tularavi Sankramana Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Samkramana Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…:

     

     
     

    13th. November – Tuesday  AMAVASI: (DEEPAVALI)

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Dakshinayane, Sarath Rithow, Tula Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Bouma Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Swathi  Nakshatra Yukthaayaam ,Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amaavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     

    12th.  December – Wednesday BODAYANA  AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Dakshinayane, Sarath Rithow, Vrischika Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Chathurdasyam Punyathithow, Soumya Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Anuradha Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Chathurdasyam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amavasyaayam Punyakale Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    13Th. December – Thursday SARVA AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Dakshinayane, Sarath Rithow, Vrischika Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyayaam Punyathithow, Guru Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Jeshta Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    11Th. January – Friday SARVA AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Dakshinayane, Hemanth Rithow, Dhanur Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyayaam Punyathithow, Brigu Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Poorvashada Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    14th. January – Monday MAKARA RAVI SANKRAMAM (UTHARAYANAM):

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Utharayane, Hemanth Rithow, Makara Maase, Shukla Pakshe, Thritiyaayam Punyathithow, Indu Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Sravishta Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Thritiyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Makara Ravi Samkramana Punyakale / Utharayana Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Samkramana Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    9th.February – Saturday –AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Utharayane, Hemanth Rithow, Makara Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Sthira Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Sravana Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amaavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    11th. March – Monday SARVA AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Utharayane, Sisira Rithow, Kumba Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Indu Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Satabhisaka Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amaavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     
     

    10th. April – Wednesday SARVA AMAVASI:

    Nandana Nama Samvatsare, Utharayane, Sisira Rithow, Meena Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow, Soumya Vasara, Yukthaayaam, Revathi Nakshatra Yukthaayaam, Subhayoga Subhakarana Eevam Guna Viseshana Visishtaayam Asyaam Varthamanaayam, Amavasyaayam Punyathithow…GOTHRANAAM++++… Amaavasya Punyakale Vargadwaya-pithrun-udhisya Darssa Sraadham Hiranya Roopena Adhya Karishye – Thadhangam Thila Tharpanam Cha Karishye…

     

     

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